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Worker Training in Cal-OSHA

 FORKLIFT, MANLIFT AND MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT OPERATION

Who must be trained: Any worker who operates a powered pallet jack, forklift, order picker or other powered industrial material handling equipment. How often: Upon assignment to using the equipment. There is no requirement for retraining unless there are changes in the workplace or equipment used. Additional requirements: Employer must maintain written program of compliance, operating procedures, operator evaluation and equipment inspection. An evaluation of operator competence must take place no less than every three years.

SCISSOR LIFT OR BUCKET TRUCK

Who must be trained: Any worker who operates a device that elevates a worker. How often: Upon assignment to using the equipment. There is no requirement for retraining unless there are changes in the workplace or equipment used. Additional requirements: Employer must maintain written program of compliance, operating procedures, operator evaluation and equipment inspection. If harnesses and lanyards are used then worker training in how to inspect the fall protection system must be included.

CONFINED SPACE ENTRY

Who must be trained: Any workers who enter spaces that are not designed for human occupancy and in which there is a hazard of engulfment, entanglement, toxic or oxygen-poor atmosphere, or other hazard to life and health. Those workers who monitor the activities of confined space entrants must also be trained. Additional requirements: A written program of compliance must be maintained. A permitting system that  includes evaluation of hazards, air monitoring, entry and worker rescue must be implemented for each confined space entry.

LOCKOUT/TAGOUT

Who must be trained: Any workers who work with, work around or maintain machinery in which there is the potential for release of stored energy or accidental startup during maintenance. Additional requirements: A written program of compliance must be maintained that includes machine-specific procedures to be used during a lockout/tagout operation.

HEARING CONSERVATION

Who must be trained: Any worker in an area that has a noise exposure of over 85 decibels averaged over an 8-hour period. How often: Annually. Additional requirements: Employee must have annual hearing test (audiogram). A written program of compliance must be maintained.

BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS

Who must be trained: Any worker who must handle, clean up or otherwise work around potentially infectious materials as part of their job description. How often: Annually. Additional requirements: Workers with an identified risk of exposure must be offered a Hepatitis B vaccination and if they decline this must be documented. A written program of compliance must be maintained. Note that this training is optional for 'Good Samaritan' responders who are not required to provide first aid as part of the job description.

RESPIRATORY PROTECTION

Who must be trained: Any worker uses a respirator to protect their health. How often: Annually. Additional requirements: Employee must have a medical evaluation of respiratory health and the fit of the respirator must be tested for effectiveness annually. Employer must maintain written program of compliance

CHEMICAL HAZARD COMMUNICATION

Who must be trained: Any worker who has potential exposure to chemicals that are toxic, explosive, reactive or hazardous. Additional requirements: Employer must maintain written program of compliance and maintain MSDS file.   

FIRE EXTINGUISHER USE AND FIRE PREVENTION

Who must be trained: An adequate number of workers. How often: Annually Additional requirements: Extinguishers must be maintained, inspected monthly, recharged annually, readily available and properly identified with signs. The workplace must be regularly inspected to reduce fire hazards.

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

Who must be trained: Any workers who must use personal protective equipment such as safety glasses, chemical protective suits, gloves or other equipment to prevent injury. How often: Upon initial assignment or in response to any change in duties or workplace conditions. 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND EVACUATION

Who must be trained: All employees. How often: Upon assignment to the facility. Additional requirements: Evacuation and emergency response plan must be documented. Fire drills are required in schools, theatres, high-rise buildings and hazardous industries.

FALL PROTECTION

Who must be trained: Workers who have an identified risk of falling over four feet (six feet in construction) and who use harnesses or lanyards for protection. Additional requirements: A written program of compliance and equipment inspection must be maintained.

LADDER SAFETY 

Who must be trained: Workers who use portable ladders. How often: Upon initial assignment. Additional requirements: Ladders must be inspected.

PREVENTION OF REPETITIVE MOTION INJURY

Who must be trained: Workers who are at risk of repetitive motion injury in a company with a history of such injury to at least two workers in similar jobs. How often: Following identification of risk in a workplace with a history of injury.

CHEMICAL-SPECIFIC TRAINING  

Who must be trained: Workers with exposure to lead, cadmium, formaldehyde, asbestos, benzene and other OSHA-identified hazardous materials. How often: Varies, but generally annual. Additional requirements: Some employee medical evaluation and surveillance may be required.

HAZARDOUS WASTE OPERATIONS AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE

Who must be trained: Workers at companies that generate, clean up or transport waste products that are toxic or hazardous. How often: Upon assignment, with an annual refresher training of eight hours duration. Additional requirements: A written program of compliance must be maintained. Employee medical evaluation and surveillance may be required. Different levels of training are offered to workers based on their tasking, ranging from four hours to four days depending on whether there is a responsibility to actually clean up waste or just to evacuate the building.

HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION 

Who must be trained: Workers and supervisors who are outdoors in high heat. How often: Upon initial assignment. Additional requirements: The employer must provide shade, water and maintain documentation of heat illness assessment.


In addition to these specific requirements, OSHA has also cited employers for not providing training in subjects such as Back Injury Prevention for workers who move heavy objects and Defensive Driving for drivers of work vehicles. Every employer must assess the job duties of their workforce in order to determine potential risks to employees, and provide training in how to perform any hazardous task correctly. =